Indicator Library

About COSA Indicators

The right data drives clear insights

COSA indicators are widely recognized as pragmatic, precise, and easy to adopt. They give managers and researchers clarity and greatly increase their functionality. In most cases, COSA indicators and approaches reduce data costs to a minimum.

Proven Globally

Simple is important but so is credible and our hundreds of available indicators are tested in tens of thousands of applications to reliably deliver science-based data on the Social, Environmental, and Economic aspects of sustainability.


Details matter. Indicator names are just the start, we create real value by specifying every aspect of how to appropriately, specifically, and consistently measure the indicator using precise survey questions and sound analytics that provide a valid and reliable picture of sustainability that stands up to scrutiny.

COSA Indicators are always aligned with global norms such as the SDGs, multilateral guidelines, international agreements, and normative references2.

COSA Indicators ensure comparability and benchmarking across regions or countries, making it easier for managers and policymakers.

Whether for environmental, social, or economic issues, we uncover performance and impact in many important areas.

[1] All COSA indicators feature SMART principles: Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Realistic, Time-bound and Trackable. See our detailed literature for much more on the evolving science of sustainability indicators.

[2] These dozens of multilateral accords range from the Bellagio Sustainability Assessment and Measurement Principles and the OECD Economic Guidelines to the Rio Declaration and the International Labor Organization’s Core 8 Labor Standards.

See more indicators for specific sectors such as Tea, etc.
  • Living and Working Conditions
  • Basic Human Rights and Equity
  • Community
  • Trading Relationships
  • Resource Management
  • Soil and Water
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • Producer Livelihood
  • Soil and Water
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change